This is a guest post by Dmitriy Akulov and his project jsDelivr. – Editor’s note.
As a developer you are probably aware of Google Hosted Libraries. Google offers an easy and fast way to include 12 of the most popular js libraries in your websites.
But what if you are a webmaster and you want take advantage of a fast CDN with other less popular projects too? Or if you are a developer and you want to make your project easier to access and use by other users.
Adding a library
To add a new library or update an existing one all the developer has to do is to clone our Github repository and apply the modifications they see fit. Once a moderator reviews the Pull Request and merges it, the files become instantly available from the official website.
If a mod is online the approval should not take more than 20 minutes, otherwise it can take up to 10 hours until someone comes online. But once our auto-update utility comes online review times will drop.
But what actually makes it so advanced? The idea of jsDelivr was not to create another public CDN but to offer a super fast and reliable infrastructure that developers and website owners could trust and use. Any big or small website can use it without worrying about it. There are no bandwidth limits and our service is rock solid.
Slow responses, timeouts and downtime are not tolerated, so we designed a unique system to overcome these problems and offer a product that even Enterprise CDNs would be jealous of. Uptime and performance are top priority, we monitor everything at all times and we are always looking into new technologies and providers that may further improve our CDN.
Unlike the competition jsDelivr uses a unique Multi-CDN infrastructure to offer the best possible uptime and performance. The main backbone of it is built on top of CDN networks provided by MaxCDN and CloudFlare.
And we also use custom servers in locations where CDNs have little or no presence. In total at this moment this results in 42 global POP locations. In the future we plan to add even more locations to offer top performance even in less popular countries.
Of course lots of locations means nothing if you can’t load balance across them correctly. For the load balancing system we use services provided by Cedexis. One of their main features is the real time performance data they gather on all major CDN providers. 1.3 billion RUM (Real User Metrics) performance tests per day are processed and available to all Cedexis users.
The beauty of these tests is that they are not synthetic. They reflect the real performance real users will get if they download a file from one of those CDNs.
The following information is then stored:
- Performance metrics to each of our providers.
- Availability metrics to each of our providers.
- Browser’s User-Agent
- First three octets of the user’s IP address
Now that we have all this information we can use it in our smart load balancing algorithm.
Every user gets a unique response that is based on their location and ISP provider. Each time a users requests to download a file from jsDelivr, our algorithm extracts the performance and availability data it has available for the last few minutes and then figures out the most optimal provider for that particular user and that particular time. All that in a few ms.
First it makes sure that all available providers are online. For this it uses the RUM availability data and a synthetic test that checks each provider every minute for uptime. Then it proceeds to sort the providers by performance for the ISP of the user and his/her location.
Once it has the fastest provider it returns the hostname to the user. So for example 2 different users in London with different ISPs could get 2 different responses because their ISPs have different routing and performance to different CDN providers. This smart system guarantees maximum uptime and fast loading times to all users. If a provider goes down jsDelivr won’t experience any issue at all and immediately start serving a different provider.
This algorithm also immediately responds to performance degradation. For example a CDN provider gets DDoSed in Europe and their response times increase, jsDelivr will pick up the change and simply stop using this provider in Europe but still consider it for users in USA and other locations that were not affected by the attack.
Don’t rely on a single CDN for uptime and speed. Everything can go down, but the chances for 2 CDNs and multiple servers to go down at the same time are very slim. And this is why jsDelivr is the most optimal solution for every website out there. No matter how big it is.
I should also point out that MaxCDN, CloudFlare, Cedexis and the rest of the companies sponsor jsDelivr for free. Its nice to see that there are companies out there that are willing to help open source projects and build a fast and free internet.
jsDelivr also supports some interesting and very helpful features such as:
Instead of using a unique URL for each version to load a project with jsDelivr you can use aliasing. Lets take for example the project Abaaso. At this moment the latest version is 3.10.50 and you can load it by specifying the exact version in your url as always. But since this project gets updated very often you would end up with using the old version pretty soon. To overcome this problem you can now simply use the following URL:
By using 3.10 you tell jsDelivr to load the latest version it has in the 3.10 branch which in this case is 3.10.50. This is the optimal solution for most authors because they can load the latest minor version without worrying for major changes that could break their website.
It is of course possible to load the latest version in the v3 branch by using the following URL:
And if for any reason you need to always load the latest available version in any major branch you can use:
By using the
latest version you tell the server to load the absolute latest version it has. This of course is dangerous and given enough time may and will break your website. So use this feature with caution.
Load multiple files with a single HTTP request
jsDelivr is the first CDN to support this kind of functionality. You can load multiple files using a single HTTP request. Similar to combining and minifying js files in your own server, but cached by the huge and smart network of jsDelivr.
All you have to do is to build your own URL with the projects and files you want to combine and their versions if needed. For example, to load the latest version for projects abaaso, ace and alloyui you would use the following syntax:
Have in mind that loading the latest version is not recommended and given enough time will break your website. This is why you should specify the exact versions or use version aliases:
So email@example.com will load 2.1.0 and firstname.lastname@example.org will load 1.2.14. But the above URL will load the main files of each project and nothing else.
If you want to load multiple files from a single project then you can do the following:
If you want to load CSS then select css files using the above format. If all files in the group URL have a .css extension then the server will automatically respond with a
Content-Type: text/css HTTP header. In all other cases (for /g/ URLs)
Next you simply include the url in your website and you are done. Less DNS resolving, less TCP connections, less HTTP requests = Faster website.
You can even use this feature to offer your users a builder to allow them to generate a URL with the modules they need and then load them all using a fast CDN.
A real API
jsDelivr has a fully featured API that can be used by developers in their websites,to create custom modules and anything else you might think of https://github.com/jsdelivr/api
You can request exactly what you need using our API without downloading a huge package json. And it also supports cdnjs and Google. This way developers have everything they need to build their applications.
jsDelivr libgrabber is a utility that is going to run on our servers and can auto-update all hosted projects if configured. The best part is that the authors don’t have to change anything in their repos. All changes are made on jsDelivr side.
All you need is to create an update.json file with some basic info inside the project you want to keep auto-updated in jsDelivr repo. This file also supports multiple sources for new versions. Like npm, bower and directly Github repos. It is still under development but is planned to be released soon.
Try it out, help out!
jsDelivr is a very interesting project that I enjoy developing and making better. It also heavily relies on the help of the community. Consider using it in your websites and host there your projects.
And if you are interested in helping out, we can always use some help, just join the conversation on Github.
Feel free to leave your comments and ask me any questions you might have.